United nations population fund (UNFPA) and its cooperation with Vietnam Women’s Union in reproductive health care
By the end of 2000, through 5 Country Programmes Cycles, total budget funded by UNFPA for Vietnam accumulated around 111 million US$*, in the 6th Cycle (2001-2005), the total budget committed by UNFPA for Vietnam is USD 27 million. In its first 3 Country Programmes, UNFPA mainly provided support in facilities and services for family planning (FP) and maternal and child healthcare (MCH). Other areas of support were Population Census in 1979 and 1989, Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities, data collection, policy development and population change. Since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in
UNFPA’s support to the Vietnam Women’s Union (VWU) is also in line with the framework of its official support for
1.VIE/84/P05-Support for training and advocacy on family planning (1984-1987).
2.VIE/88/P12-Support for training and advocacy on family planning (1988-1991).
3.VIE/91/P01-Improving the status of rural women through income generating activities and family planning (1991-1993).
4.VIE/95/P09-Support for the population activities through commune-based women’s groups (1993-1996).
5.VIE/97/P02-Support for women RH/FP credit and saving groups (1995-1997)
6.VIE/95/P11-Promoting gender equality and male responsibility in reproductive health (1998-2000).
7.VIE/01/P12/PN-Support to the National Women’s
VWU’s projects funded by UNFPA have been serving as testing models for expansion. This can be seen in the development of its approaches from targeting mothers’ to women’s groups on FP/credit-saving in the project P01, groups of couples and of women at reproductive age in P09, groups of women in RH/FP-credit and saving in P02, groups of women and men for gender equality and groups of parents having adolescents in P11. The operational models are developed from solely IEC on FP to integration of FP with income generation, provision of services, FP counseling,gender and RH awareness raising.... In the 6th Cycle (2001-2005) of the framework of P12, UNFPA focuses on strengthening the Vietnam Women’s Union capacity in advocacy/and I.E.C for behaviour change on population and RH towardsgender equality in RH.
The mentioned models have been not only replicated in other VWU’s projects, but also influenced the national population/FP programme and projects of other mass organizations. The leading role of UNFPA funded projects is also demonstrated through the development of IEC and training materials for Women’s Unions at all levels, which are very understandable and appropriate to each target group. Some of these materials have been printed for the national population programme and other international organizationsin
Through various activities such as training for trainers, seminars, study tours designed by UNFPA funded projects, the capacity of the VWU staff on management, planning, material development, training, IEC skills.... have been strengthened. Their knowledge on FP/MCH, RH, credit, gender in RH...have also been improved. Thus, UNFPA funded projects are highly sustainable and replicated widely.
The continuous and effective cooperation between UNFPA and VWU has made a significant contribution to