The Belgian Technical Cooperation (BTC) and Vietnam Women's Union
Up to now, among recipient countries in the Asian Pacific region,
The Belgian Technical Cooperation (BTC), splited from the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has mandate to, on behalf of the Belgian Government, manage the implementation of bilateral cooperation projects signed by the Belgian Government with other countries. In
In 1995, through the working visit to provinces in
The project consists of 2 major areas: training and providing and managing revolving loan fund. Besides, there are additional studies to serve these areas.
In the first year, the project focused on training activities for the project Management Board on planning according to PIPO/IDIMA approaches, management skills on credit and saving programme and accounting. So far, about 1,457 rounds of VWU’s cadres of different levels involving in the project management board have been trained.
This is the first project of VWU that systematically applies the international Micro Banker software of FAO in credit and saving management and MMIS. By now, VWU’s cadres in 17 provinces have directly implemented transaction through Micro Banker system to manage clients accounts, fund resources and credit and saving activities. All information on credit and saving activities of the project are forwarded to the Central level through e-mail by management boards of different levels.
For the training and management activities, the project has compiled and translated some materials such as “Operational handbook”, “Management of Development activities according to PIPO/IDIMA”, “Using Micro Banker software”. The project also created an additional software titled “Communal report generating software” to serve better for the credit and saving management in the project sites.
Based on experiences, strength and weakness of other formal and semi-formal credit-saving services in Vietnam, including TYM model of VWU, the project has designed its credit and saving model and working mechanism in which groups/centers should guarantee for loan, credit comes along with saving (initial saving and regular saving); the loan size is medium and small, interest rates of loans and saving are reasonable; repayment of loan and interest must be due in regular meeting on a certain date when other agendas are integrated in order to improve knowledge for women.
The revolving loan activities have been carried out in the second year of the project. Operational circle of revolving loan activities in these localities is carried out as follows: applying credit and saving model in one pilot commune; evaluating, drawing experiences and making adjustment, then expanding the adapted model to other project communes. Thanks to the prominent feature of the management technology of micro finance through e-mail, the project has been expanded with a very high and effective speed. Since the first loan disbursement in the first commune in March 1999, by June 2003, the project has disbursed loans in 207 communes for 65,747 rounds of members with a total amount of outstanding of 35,7 billion VND. The repayment rate and monthly saving nearly reach to 99,97% (except in some cases that members died due to typhoon and flood in Thua Thien Hue province in 1999). Saving by members reaches to 7,3 billion VND.
The project has met its objective to both improve VWU’s management capacity of different levels in credit and saving activities and to make important contribution to poverty alleviation in the project sites. The project organised its 5 year-implementation anniversary in Nov. 2003 in Hanoi marked the effective cooperation between VWU and BTC in terms of capacity building on micro finance management and poverty alleviation in Vietnam.