Bias blocks women’s job training
At a two-day conference in
Nga said gender discrimination within households, especially in rural and mountainous areas was one of the main causes for the low rate of female workers receiving vocational training.
"They give priority to their sons in accessing education and training and think that daughters do not need learn a lot," she said.
Although the Government has initiated many vocational training programmes for workers,many women in the rural areas are still not encouraged to attend them, she added.
Associate Prof Cao Van Sam, deputy head of the General Department of Vocational Training, said that many men greatly benefit from vocational training in increasing their occupational skills, but female workers were being left behind.
For instance, a recent study found that women accounted for more than 70 per cent of the workforce in the animal husbandry industry, but only 20 per cent received vocational training in this area of work.
Sam said that Article 110 of Labour Law requires that State offices have the responsibility to train staff in skills other than their existing jobs in order to prepare them for future assignments. They are also required to create favourable conditions for the staff to use their new skills.
However, only 2.08 per cent of female employees received such preparatory training, he said. He noted that training for new work was particularly necessary in some professions, like that of airhostesses, who typically are not allowed to do that work after they are 35.
He said gender parity in vocational training was a must if enterprises and/or companies were develop in a stable manner and make effective contributions to national socio-economic development.
The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) will co-operate with the Viet Nam Women’s
He said this will help increase employment among women towards meeting the demand of the industrialisation and modernisation process as well as that of international economic integration.
More than 100,000 women will be counseled on attending vocational training schools every year, he said at the seminar.
The Viet Nam Women’s
He noted that the rate of female workers receiving training had increased by 35 per cent last year over 2008.
According to the National Research Institute of Labour Protection, women account for 48 per cent of the country’s workforce.