PCR early diagnosis helps reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission
Previously, 18 month old did not have a reliable test to define whether they were infected with HIV or not; but nowadays, with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) early diagnosis technique, 4-6 week old newborns can be tested for HIV and have results within 2-3 months, which will help newborns to soon be treated with medicines and reduce the mortality rate.
However, a serious difficulty is that PCR testing machines are only equipped in provincial- and central-level hospitals. The MOH plans to build two centers for new diagnosis in northern and southern regions.
It is expected that if preventive work is carried out in a timely fashion, the rate of mother-to-child HIV transmission will be reduced from 30% to 10% each year.